February 17

Before shiur on February 17, prepare the beginning of the Gemara on Bava Metzia 58b. Don’t forget to begin your chevruta session with chazara on the Mishna!

ת׳׳ר לא תונו איש את עמיתו באונאת דברים הכתוב מדבר אתה אומר באונאת דברים או אינו אלא באונאת ממון כשהוא אומר וכי תמכרו ממכר לעמיתך או קנה מיד עמיתך הרי אונאת ממון אמור הא מה אני מקיים לא תונו איש את עמיתו באונאת דברים

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4 Comments on “February 17

  1. Hi – I’ve got a question about the scope of the “one hanger/one jacket” rule. Is it really the case that once a rabbi claims a Torah verse as the basis for a halacha, it’s off-limits to every other rabbi for the rest of time as the basis for a different halacha? Or does the limitation apply only within a single mishnah and its gemara?

    • And now I’m even more confused, because today’s daf (Pesachim 91) has a couple references to learning two halakhot from the same verse. On 91b, it says “The Gemara justifies that Rabbi Shimon does indeed use the verse as the source of his opinion with regard to the first Pesaḥ: Rabbi Shimon could have said to you: If so, if it were true that the verse was only meant to teach Rabbi Yosei’s halakha concerning improvised altars, the Torah should have simply written: According to his eating, which is phrased in the singular and therefore indicates that the Paschal lamb may be slaughtered for an individual. What then is the significance of the additional term “man”? IT MUST BE THAT YOU LEARN FROM THE VERSE TWO SEPARATE HALAKHOT, that the Paschal lamb may be slaughtered for an individual and that it must be for a man and not a woman.”

      • Shelly — I think the question is not whether you can learn two things from one verse — but rather — if you can learn one halacha (onaat devarim) from two different verses. If we could learn it from one, then why do we need the other? The torah is an economy of words, and nothing is repeated just for the sake of it. So if we learn onaat mamon from the other verse, then what is this verse doing here? What are we to learn from it? That is the questions.

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